Monday, July 28, 2014

American Treasures Exhibition at the Library of Congress

Library of Congress American Treasures Exhibition

"The American Treasures of the Library of Congress exhibition is an unprecedented permanent exhibition of the rarest, most interesting or significant items relating to America’s past, drawn from every corner of the world’s largest library. On display in the Jefferson Building Treasures Gallery in Washington, D.C., the American Treasures exhibition presents more than 250 items arranged in the manner of Thomas Jefferson’s own library, the seed from which the present collections grew: Memory (History)Reason (Philosophy, including Law, Science and Geography); and Imagination (Fine Arts, including Architecture, Music, Literature and Sports)."

In this online exhibition the Library of Congress has several items of relevance  to Ohio and the Great Lakes' history. 
A few of these include:

Map of the country about the Mississippi, Chergeree. 1755?. Image Courtesy of the Library of Congress.
Map of the country about the Mississippi; Chergeree; 1755?
Image Courtesy of the Library of Congress.
  • Indian Map of Ohio River Country, 1755?
    • "According to marginal notations, this rough sketch map was drawn by “Chegeree (the Indian) who says he has travell’d through the country.” One of the very few examples in the Library’s collection of a map drawn by a Native American, it shows Indian settlements in the area from Lake Erie to the mouth of the Ohio river in the middle of the eighteenth century."
  • Jefferson's Only Published Map
    • "prepared by Thomas Jefferson as a fold-out illustration for his sole book-length publication, Notes on the State of Virginia. His keen interest in geography and natural history led Jefferson to prepare the geographical text as a response to a series of questions proposed by the secretary to the French Legation in Philadelphia. This text was eventually expanded, revised, and published in various French and English editions, beginning in 1785. Jefferson incorporated his own observations, as well as those of friends and colleagues in the compilation of the map, but the final product was based primarily on existing maps, including the 1751 map prepared by his father Peter Jefferson and Joshua Fry."
  • Mound Builders of Ohio
    • "This Plan of the Ancient Works at Marietta, Ohio, was sketched in 1837 by Charles Whittlesey, geologist, engineer, and student of ancient North American cultures. It depicts a huge earthwork shaped by... prehistoric Indians who lived in the Ohio Valley. Such mounds, varying greatly in size and built for purposes that are still not fully understood, once numbered in the thousands throughout the Midwest. Many have been eradicated by the spread of settlement and and the expansion of farmland."
  • Bartram's Travels
    • "Pioneer naturalist William Bartram discovered many new species of native plants and birds during his trip through the southeastern wilderness from 1773-1777. With an artful balance of science and poetry, Bartram described the profusion of natural beauty he encountered in his Travels. Believing that civilized man could learn much from studying the Native Americans' relationship to nature, he carefully recorded details about Indian history, religion, and customs that revealed the complexity of their culture and innate virtues."

Friday, July 25, 2014

Reason #499 to Work in a Museum: Road Trips!

Trowel and Trench from the recent 2014 Fort Ancient excavations. Image Courtesy of the Ohio History Connection Archaeology Blog.
Trowel and Trench from the recent 2014 Fort Ancient excavations.
Image Courtesy of the Ohio History Connection Archaeology Blog.

July 8, 2014.
Juli Six, of the Ohio History Connection Archaeology Blog, has written a brief post about Fort Ancient's recent field school and archaeological excavations of the Moorehead Circle.

"Of primary interest is a circular anomaly approximately 60 meters in diameter. The “Moorehead Circle” is surrounded by post molds that each extend three feet into the ground. Excavations in the central area of the circle revealed a large deposit of burned red clay. It seems the more they dig the more splendid things they discover."

To read the full post, click here.

For more information about the Moorehead Circle, Fort Ancient, and the Hopewell Culture, 
visit:

Thursday, July 24, 2014

Points West: The Feathered Cape and Painted Proof

Junius Brutus Stearns (1810 – 1885). Washington and the Indians, 1847, oil on canvas, 36 x 50 inches. Loan from Mr. and Mrs. W.D. Weiss. [now returned to lender; L.77.86.2]. Image Courtesy of the Buffalo Bill Center of the West.
Junius Brutus Stearns (1810 – 1885). Washington and the Indians, 1847, oil on canvas, 36 x 50 inches.
Loan from Mr. and Mrs. W.D. Weiss. [now returned to lender; L.77.86.2].
This painting was commissioned to represent George Washington's visit to Logstown in present-day Ohio in 1753.
 Image Courtesy of the Buffalo Bill Center of the West.
July 9, 2014.
Nancy McClure, of the Buffalo Bill Center of the West, has posted a short article by Emma I. Hansen and Sarah E. Boehme, of the Points West Magazine, about feathered capes, their probable origins and connections throughout history.

"Approximately 50 feathered capes with similar designs of crescents and inverted triangles exist in museum collections around the world, with 36 in the United States. Without precise collection information, the capes have been attributed in museum records to several cultures ranging from Victorian English to American Indian."

To read the full article, click here.

Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Clintonville Murals Remind Us of Ohio's Ancient American Indian Legacy

Danielle Poling and a Hopewell falcon (or parakeet) on the Sunwall at the Cooke Road railroad overpass. Image Courtesy of the Ohio History Connection Archaeology Blog.
Danielle Poling and a Hopewell falcon (or Carolina parakeet) on the Sunwall
 at the Cooke Road railroad overpass.
 Image Courtesy of the Ohio History Connection Archaeology Blog.
July 11, 2014.
Brad Lepper, of the Ohio History Connection Archaeology Blog, has written an interesting post about the importance of remembering Ohio's ancient people and the soon to be completed Clintonville murals on the Cooke Road railroad overpass.

"Most of the archaeologists with whom I’ve discussed the murals agree that the use of these powerful ancient symbols in public art is a good thing. I think it gives the symbols a renewed relevance and power in the popular imagination."

To read the full article, click here.

People of the Hopewellian Culture made extensive use of copper from the Lake Superior region... Image Courtesy of the National Park Service.
People of the Hopewellian Culture made extensive use of copper from the Lake Superior region...
Image Courtesy of the National Park Service.
For more information about the Hopewell Culture,
visit:


Tuesday, July 22, 2014

Archaeology AmeriCorps Positions at Ohio History Connection, State Historic Preservation Office

Ohio History Connection

The Ohio History Connection, State Historic Preservation Office 
is offering three AmeriCorps positions for 2014-2015. 

Two positions are for Community Surveyors in Piqua and Cleveland, Ohio. 
A new position this year is for an Archaeology Survey and Outreach member in Columbus, Ohio. 

The Archaeology AmeriCorps position will provide the member with practical experience 
on the practice of archaeology and the investigation of archaeological resources in Ohio 
through the archaeology programs of the Ohio History Connection.

If interested in the Archaeology Survey & Outreach position,
 please contact Amy Rohmiller at 
arohmiller@ohiohistory.org 
or 614.297.2609.

For more information, visit the Ohio History Connection Archaeology Blog's posthere.


Corporation for National & Community Service

"AmeriCorps engages more than 80,000 Americans in intensive service each year at nonprofits, schools, public agencies, and community and faith-based groups across the country. 

Since the program’s founding in 1994, more than 800,000 AmeriCorps members have contributed more than 1 billion hours in service across America while tackling pressing problems and mobilizing millions of volunteers for the organizations they serve."

The Darlington Digital Library


"created from the first major collection of books, manuscripts, atlases, and maps donated to the University of Pittsburgh. Most of the credit for assembling the Darlington Collection rightly goes to William M. Darlington, an attorney by profession who was born in Pittsburgh in 1815.

By the 1840s, Mr. Darlington had developed a keen interest in colonial American history, especially as it related to Western Pennsylvania and the Ohio Valley. He initially acquired books on those subjects, but later he would expand his interests to topics associated with the exploration of the Trans-Mississippi, the Far West, and even world history."

(12 online)
"more than one hundred volumes ranging from world travel 
and exploration to state atlases with county maps. "

8-11. A General Map of the River Ohio, from its Source to its Mouth. A journey in North America. Georges-Henri-Victor Collot. 1750-1805. Image Courtesy of The Darlington Digital Library.
8-11. A General Map of the River Ohio, from its Source to its Mouth.
A journey in North America. Georges-Henri-Victor Collot. 1750-1805.
Image Courtesy of The Darlington Digital Library.
Fortifications des anciens Indigens sur la riviere Huron.
Voyage dans la haute Pensylvanie et dans l'état New-York:
par un membre adoptif de la nation Onéida, v.3. J. Hector St. John de Crèvecoeur. 1735-1813.
[Fortifications of ancient indigenous people on the Huron River.
Trip within high Pennsylvania and New York State: by an adoptive member of the Onéida? Nation.]
Image Courtesy of The Darlington Digital Library.

(1,680)
"American history, with an emphasis on the history of Western Pennsylvania and the Ohio Valley...works that related to the settlement of colonial America, local history, and the manners and customs of American Indians... "

(51)
"less than one hundred items, ranging from the 1700's to the late 1800's. 
It includes items of significant historical value to advertisements from theaters in Philadelphia and Pittsburgh."

(1844)
"almost two thousand items, includes engravings, lithographs, and photographs on a wide range of subjects. Dating to the 1700's and into the 1800's, the engravings include images of royalty, political leaders, inventors; and religious and military figures, predominantly from the United States and Europe."

  • Braddock's Battle Field
  • Defeat of General Braddock
  • Tens-Kwau-Ta-Waw
(1,735)
"papers and manuscripts that focus primarily on the early history of western Pennsylvania and the Ohio Valley; they mainly date from the 1700's through the mid-1800's."
  • Ohio Company Papers
    • "founded in 1747, represented the trading and land prospecting interests of a handful of Virginia planters. In 1748, company representative George Mercer secured a land grant from the British Crown for 200,000 acres in the Ohio territory, a colloquial term for what is now modern day West Virginia, much of Ohio, western Pennsylvania and parts of Maryland. The company employed frontiersman Christopher Gist to survey the area of the grant and negotiate a treaty with the Native Americans in the 1750's. Gist embarked on three separate journeys into the Ohio territory in 1750-51, 1751-52, and 1753-54. The Ohio Company’s efforts in the contested region were largely stymied by the outbreak of the French and Indian War, despite its continued existence until its formal dissolution in 1779. Members of the company included Virginians George Mason, brothers Lawrence, Augustine, and George Washington, Virginia colony Governor Robert Dinwiddie, and British merchant John Hanbury. This collection includes manuscript copies of the Case of the Ohio Company, a collection of materials compiled by George Mercer to demonstrate the progress made by the Ohio Company, and a number of debt notes related to the company’s trade in dry goods. The collection documents the involvement of John Mercer, James Mercer, George Mercer, George Mason, George Croghan, Thomas Cresap, Adam Stephen, and William Crawford in the company."
  • Pittsburgh Waste Book and Fort Pitt Trading Post Papers
    • "reputed to be the first known accounts of trade at Fort Pitt. Information recorded in the book and associated documents detail business transactions through daily accounts, correspondence and receipts."
  • Conference Between the Six Nations and the Quakers Minutes
    • "In April of 1756, the Six Nations of the Iroquois and the Quakers held a conference in Philadelphia in an attempt to create peace for innocent inhabitants during the French and Indian War. Records for part of this meeting are available in this collection. There is a list of the names of the Quakers and the Indians present along with the names of three interpreters."
  • Iroquois Land Deed
    • "documents a secret agreement between the Susquehanna Land Company and the Iroquois Nation regarding the sale of the Wyoming Valley in Pennsylvania to Connecticut settlers. The deed outlines the stipulations of the agreement, the names of the colonial land purchasers, and the marks of the Iroquois involved in the negotiations."
  • Christopher Gist's Journals by William M. Darlington
    • "primarily contains manuscript drafts of William Darlington's book, Christopher Gist's Journals, published posthumously in 1893 by J.R. Weldin & Co. in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Included are many handwritten research notes, manuscript drafts, a partial galley proof, and several printing plates of the maps used in the publication."
  • Robert Stobo Papers
    • "contains an original French and Indian War era letter written by Robert Stobo to Colonel Innes, who were officers in the British Army. Stobo writes in captivity from Fort Duquesne, describing French negotiations with the Shawnee [Shanoe] Indians. On the reverse of the letter is a map of Fort Duquesne and its environs. The collection also contains a manuscript copy of the 1754 letter, and transcriptions of the letter. "
  • Alfred P. James Papers
    • "a history professor at the University of Pittsburgh between 1918 and 1956, researching eighteenth and nineteenth century Virginia and Pennsylvania. This collection contains correspondence and research notes created by James for his book, The Ohio Company: its Inner History, published in 1959."
  • Indian Depredation Claims
    • "filed by settlers seeking reimbursement for property allegedly stolen by Native Americans through the Federal government between 1796 and 1920. This collection contains several claims filed in the western United States by frontier settlers against American Indian tribes, seeking reimbursement primarily for stolen livestock."
  • Fur Trader's Journal
    • "consists of a journal from an unidentified fur trader traveling in the region of the Du Lièvre Rivere, a tributary of the Ottawa River, in western Québec. The entries, covering May to June of 1775, document a journey during which the trader faced river rapids, a number of portages between waterways, and at times hostile trading partners from the Ottawa and Nipissing tribes. Also recorded are details of transactions and inventories."
(853)
"a collection of nearly six hundred items... maps of states, colonies, and larger regions of the United States comprise a significant number..."
  • Partie occidentale du Canada, 1688
    • [Occidental part of Canada or of New France: where are the Illinois nations, of Tracy?, the Iroquois, and many other peoples; with the new discoveries of Louisiana etc.,  coming from the latest memories] "Relief shown pictorially; Shows rivers, lakes, Indian tribal territories, portages, forts, and missions."
  • Map of the Countrey of The Five Nations, 1730
    • "A Map of the Countrey of THE FIVE NATIONS belonging to the Province of NEW YORK and of the LAKES near which the Nations of FAR INDIANS live with part of CANADA taken from the Map of the LOUISIANE done by Mr. De LISLE in 1718. Copied for W.M. Darlington Esq. from Public Record Office London by James A. Burt, June 1882."
  • Map of the Ohio River Valley and surrounding area,1755
    • "Covers western Pennsylvania, western Virginia and Ohio; Shows major rivers and tributaries, forts, principal settlements and Indian tribal territories."
  • Map of the middle British colonies, 1776
    • " Includes text, list of townships, distance charts, and inset "A sketch of the remaining part of Ohio R. &c.""
  • New map of the western parts of Virginia- sh 2, 1778
    • "New map of the western parts of Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland and North Carolina, comprehending the River Ohio, and all the rivers, which fall into it, part of the River Mississippi, the whole of the Illinois River, Lake Erie, part of the Lakes Huron, Michigan &c. and all the country bordering on these lakes and rivers."
  • One-sheet map of the independent states..., 1796
    • "Bowles's new one-sheet map of the independent states of Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, Pensylvania, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Rhode Island, &c. comprehending also the habitations & hunting countries of the confederate Indians. "

Monday, July 21, 2014

National Conference on Undergraduate Research 2015

2015 National Conference on Undergraduate Research.

April 16-18, 2015

Eastern Washington University is proud to host 
in Cheney and Spokane, Washington.

"The mission of the National Conference on Undergraduate Research (NCUR) is to promote undergraduate research scholarship and creative activity done in partnership with faculty or other mentors as a vital component of higher education."

Call for Papers: September 8, 2014.
Abstract Submission Deadline: December 2, 2014.
Deadline Early Conference Registration: February 19, 2015.
Deadline Conference Registration: March 12, 2015.

For more information visit NCUR 2015's website
 or email ncur2015@ewu.edu.

Newly-Discovered Hopewell Mound Group Woodhenge Found to be Solstice Aligned

Map of Hopewell Mound Group (Shetrone 1926:196) superimposed over LiDAR image showing location of Great Circle Woodhenge. Image Courtesy of The Ancient Earthworks Project Blog.
Map of Hopewell Mound Group (Shetrone 1926:196) superimposed
over LiDAR image showing location of Great Circle Woodhenge.
Image Courtesy of The Ancient Earthworks Project Blog.
July 8, 2014.
William F. Romain, of The Ancient Earthworks Project Blog, has written an exciting post about how the Hopewell Mound Group's recently discovered Woodhenge is aligned to the Solstice.

"The interesting thing about the Great Circle design is that the summer solstice alignment is orthogonal to the diagonal of the 1/4 HMU square; and further, the diagonal of the square and its solstice orthogonal establish the locations for at least two of the gateways into the circle. In this design, astronomic observations, geometry, and a specific unit of length are integrated in a sophisticated and unique way. "

To read the full post, click here.


For more information about the Hopewell Mound Group,
Visit:

Friday, July 18, 2014

Mysterious Earthen Rings Predate Amazon Rainforest

A ring ditch next to Laguna Granja in the Amazon of northeastern Bolivia. Image Courtesy of Heiko Prumers and livescience.com.
A ring ditch next to Laguna Granja in the Amazon of northeastern Bolivia.
 Image Courtesy of Heiko Prumers and livescience.com.
July 7, 2014.
Stephanie Pappas, of LiveScience.com, has written an interesting exploratory article 
into the recent find of massive earthworks sites through the Bolivian and Brazilian Amazon.

"The earthworks predate this shift [from a savannah to a rainforest], which reveals that the diggers of these ditches created them before the forest moved in around them. They continued to live in the area as it became forested, probably keeping clear regions around their structures, Carson said."

Thursday, July 17, 2014