Wednesday, October 22, 2014

This Week in Hopewell Culture Archaeology: 2014

This Week in Hopewell Culture Archaeology

For the 2014 archaeology field season at Hopewell Mound Group, Dr. Bret Ruby and crew of archaeology technicians investigated and excavated the area known as the Great Circle. Geophysical data showed a curious and interesting pattern of what appeared to be posts, spaced at equal distances inside of this now obliterated circular wall enclosure...
The field season was documented with six video blog installments of a new film series titled 
This Week in Hopewell Culture Archaeology. All six episodes will be available to view online or to download to your computer.

For more information,

Tuesday, October 21, 2014

International Committee on Archaeological Heritage Management

ICOMOS/ICAHM International Committee on Archaeological Heritage Management

"The International Scientific Committee on Archaeological Heritage Management (ICAHM) advises ICOMOS and the World Heritage Committee on matters that pertain to all aspects of the management of archaeological sites and landscapes. These include formulating and propagating standards and best practices for both archaeological research and cultural resource management." 

Important Documents
  • Draft Guidelines for the Charter for the Protection and Management of Archaeological Heritage
  • Annual Reports
  • Meeting Minutes
  • ICAHM Charter (1990)
  • Charter on the Interpretation and Presentation of Cultural Heritage Sites
  • Heritage at Risk
  • UNESCO Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (1972)
  • UNESCO Recommendation Concerning the Protection, at National Level, of Cultural and Natural Heritage (1972)
  • Draft International Core Data Standard for Archaeological Sites and Monuments


Springer Heritage Series

  • Archaeological Dimension of World Heritage 
    • edited by Alicia Castillo
    • "This book presents exemplary models of heritage management in World Heritage properties as well as outlining best practices associated with this distinction by drawing on case studies from around the world."
  • An Archaeology of the Margins 
    • by Augusto Jose Farrujia de la Rosa 
    • "This volume situates the Canary Island as a case study in the management of indigenous heritage and understanding 'heritage' in colonial European contexts."
  • Mapping Archaeological Landscapes from Space 
    • edited by Douglas Corner and Michael Harrower
    • "In observance of the 40th anniversary of the World Heritage Convention, this volume offers a concise, technical introduction to aerial and spaceborne imagery and geospatial techniques for research and management purposes."

Monday, October 20, 2014

Elizabeth Bartley Goes to Bat for Ohio's Hopewell Ceremonial Earthworks

October 6, 2014.
Jenny Burman, of Cincinnati Magazine, has written a brief article about Elizabeth Bartley's efforts to 'help promote preserving historical site and integrating them into our lives today'.

"What’s important about the Hopewell Earthworks? Once you understand what was going on, they’re so sophisticated, these huge precise geometries that create plazas—you could drop multiple coliseums inside of one of them. They’re precisely aligned with moonrises at very specific points in the calendar, and then they are repeated across the landscape for hundreds of miles up and down tributaries. The complexities start making your head hurt in a really good way—and most people don’t even know they’re there. "

To read the full article, click here.

For more information,

Friday, October 17, 2014

Maps: A trustworthy source of information or a platform for propaganda?

Professor Peter Vujakovic with the Times Atlas.  Image Courtesy of
Professor Peter Vujakovic with the Times Atlas.
Image Courtesy of
October 9, 2014.
Holly Finch, of, has written a thought provoking article about the importance of recognizing that maps are created with a bias; just like all other primary source material. 

Primary sources are: " a document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study. These sources were present during an experience or time period and offer an inside view of a particular event.". 

"Many people would believe that a map is predominantly to determine a location or to assist with directions. But would you look at a map and notice how the colour, layout and decoration can, in some cases, be chosen, to 'subvert and propagate alternative world-views'?"

To read the full article, click here.

Thursday, October 16, 2014

Archaeology Students Discover Prehistoric Sweat Lodge at Cahokia Mounds

Archaeological discovery at  Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site. Image Courtesy of Saint Louis University.
Archaeological discovery at
Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site.
Image Courtesy of Saint Louis University
September 20, 2014.
Saint Louis University's archaeology students have made a "significant contribution to the understanding of American Indian prehistory with the discovery of three additional partial house basins and the entire basin of a burned sweat lodge" in the 2014 Archaeological Field School at the Fingerhut Tract of Cahokia Mounds.

"Generally, a sweat lodge is a domed hut made of natural materials. They were -- and continue to be -- used by American Indians as steam baths for physical cleansing as well as for ritual purification.
The sweat lodge discovered this summer is three meters in diameter and superimposes the corner of a large rectangular structure. Within the basin of the sweat lodge several large deposits of charcoal suitable for radiocarbon dating were found."

To read the full article, click here.

For more information,

Wednesday, October 15, 2014

Seip Mound Transferred to Hopewell Culture National Historical Park

Video Courtesy of The Ancient Ohio Trail.
October 10, 2014.
Brad Lepper, of the Ohio History Connection Archaeology Blog, has written a post about the formal transfer of Seip Mound to the Hopewell Culture National Historical Park. Seip Mound is included in the Hopewell Ceremonial Earthworks UNESCO World Heritage nomination and is the third largest mound ever built by the Hopewell culture.

"This transfer is an acknowledgement that the amazing Seip Mound could be more effectively managed and interpreted as a part of the system of Hopewellian earthworks in Ross County already encompassed within the boundaries of the national park — including the largest portion of the geometric earthworks at Seip."

To read the full post, click here.

For more information,

Monday, October 13, 2014

Pokégnek Bodéwadmik - Pokagon Band of Potawatomi

Image Courtesy of the U.S. Forest Service
Image Courtesy of the U.S. Forest Service.
Who Are the Potawatomi?
Through time, we have remained a proud and productive tribal community; and continue to hold a unique place in society. We are the descendants of the allied Potawatomi villages located along the St. Joseph, Paw Paw, and Kalamazoo Rivers in what is now southwest Michigan and northern Indiana.

Bodéwadmi Mwen - Potawatomi Language
Our language is of the Algonquin language group with a vocabulary of over 20,000 words. as a way of weakening our connection to the old ways, many children were forced into missionary schools where it was forbidden to speak or act Potawatomi. After a few generations, many of our people stopped using our language in their homes; and it ceased being passed on.

Today, we are fortunate to live in a time of rebirth of many of the old ways. As modern-day Potawatomi, we enjoy a level of freedom and acceptance some of our ancestors never had. We carry the obligation to learn our traditions, culture, and language. 

Some of the early missionary pamphlets and Bibles are now being used to help document and revitalize our language.

Major Points of History
Some stories tell that the Potawatomi have always been here. Other stories tell of migration from the Eastern seaboard with the Ojibwe and Odawa Nations. The three tribes loosely organized as the Three Fires Confederacy, with each serving an important role. The Ojibwe were said to be the Keepers of Tradition. The Odawa were known as the Keepers of the Trade. The Potawatomi were known as the Keepers of the Fire. Later, the Potawatomi migrated from north of the Lakes Huron and Superior to the shores of the Mitchigami or Great Lake.

After the 1833 Treaty negotiations in Chicago, other Potawatomi returned to their homes in Wisconsin, Indiana, Illinois, and Michigan; or fled to Canada. Those who remained in Indiana and Illinois were moved west in a series of removals; ending in 1838 in what has come to be called the "Trail of Death". The hazardous trip killed one out of every ten people of the approximately 500 Potawatomi involved. A small group of Neshnabek, with Leopold Pokagon as one of their leaders, earned the right to remain in Michigan, in part, because they had demonstrated a strong attachment to Catholicism. It is the descendants of this small group who constitute the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians.

Enrollment and Citizenship
Two censuses of tribal members were taken by the U.S. government officials in 1895-96 to determine eligibility for treaty annuity payments. It has since been used by the tribe for establishing enrollment and citizenship in the Pokagon Potawatomi Nation.

Today and Tomorrow
The Pokagon Band of Potawatomi distributes services to its approximately 5,000 citizens. The tribe has a ten county service area; four are in southwestern Michigan and six in northwestern Indiana.

In 2006, the Tribe enacted its first Tribal Constitution and the infrastructure of a revitalized Pokagon Potawatomi Nation continues to grow. The Pokagon Band today is trying to reclaim the clan system, and revive the knowledge of the clans in a contemporary way.

Gatherings with the other Bands of Potawatomi from the United States and Canada are held each summer.

For more information,

Thursday, October 9, 2014

Undergraduate Research Scholar Awards!

The Office of Undergraduate Education and the 
Undergraduate Research Office are pleased to announce 
the Research Scholar Award ($1,000), 
for undergraduate researchers!
This award seeks to generate early interest in undergraduate research and reduce barriers to faculty-mentored research opportunities for students in all disciplines and of all ranks. You can conduct research or pursue a creative activity with a faculty member's supervision in any discipline, on any campus of The Ohio State University. 
Applications are accepted on a monthly basis, 
the first applications are due the first of each month, 
the next deadline is
November 1, 2014
and notifications of the award will be sent out by the 15th of each month. 
Applicants who are not funded will automatically be considered for the next two months,
 unless an application is withdrawn. Those who are not funded after 3 application cycles
 may then re-apply 6 months after the original submission.
  • A completed application form
  • 2 page letter of intent
  • 3 page project proposal
  • Project Budget
    • if applicable, see Special Funding Conditions under Eligibility
  • Letter of agreement from your faculty mentor 
    • submitted by faculty mentor separately from student's application packet
  • Copy of an unofficial advising report
More information and application instructions are available at:

Contact the Undergraduate Research Office, at with any questions.

Archaeological Atlas of Ohio...

Showing the Distribution of the Various Classes of Prehistoric Remains in the State 

with a map of the principal Indian trails and towns.
by William C. Mills.

Published by The Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society.

Page 9. Archaeological Atlas of Ohio.  Image Courtesy of the Ohio State University.
Page 9. Archaeological Atlas of Ohio.
Image Courtesy of the Ohio History Connection.
  • List of Maps showing Distribution of Earthworks, by Counties, V.
  • List of Counties, Archaeologically Described, V.
  • Indian Trails and Towns in Ohio, VII.
  • Map Showing Location of Indian Trails and Towns in Ohio, IX.
  • Map Showing Distribution of Earthworks in Ohio, XI.
  • Mounds: 225
  • Enclosures: 36
  • Village Sites: 9
  • Burials: 2
  • Effigies: 2
  • Petroglyphs: 1
  • Flint Quarries: 77

Licking County. Archaeological Atlas of Ohio. Page 45. Image Courtesy of the Ohio State University.

Cartographic Legend, Archaeological Atlas of Ohio. Image Courtesy of the Ohio State University.
"Licking County is one of the richest counties in the state from an archaeological viewpoint. Its importance lies in several directions. Not only foes it contain the greatest source of material used in the making of... flint implements -Flint Ridge- but also one of the finest examples of the complex type of earthworks, that known as the Newark works.... Thus it is seen that the county contains examples of all important classes of earthworks found in Ohio and is in itself typical of the state as a whole."

*Note: Please remember this source was published in 1914 and as such reflects information and views of its time.

Adams County
"The great "Serpent Mound" of Adams County is in many respects the most remarkable of Ohio's prehistoric monuments, and ranks among the greatest of the world's so-called effigy mounds... Adams county is rich in mounds and earthworks of the... peoples of Ohio, particularly along Brush creek and its tributaries and along the Ohio river."

For more information,

Tuesday, October 7, 2014

My Dream Show by Candi Wesaw

My Dream Show by Candi Wesaw August 27 - December 8, 2014 Exhibit Postcard
August 27 - December 8, 2014.
 'Candi's drawings are from the heart, tapping on ancestral knowledge and raw emotion to bring forth pictures full of artistic skill and accurate detail that will make the viewer study them carefully and come away enlightened. Her ability to interpret text and ideas and turn them into visuals is unrivaled. She's a pleasure to work with and I recommend her highly.' 

Candi Wesaw is from Hartford, Michigan and a citizen
 of the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indian Nation.
She is deeply connected to her culture, heritage, and the arts.
 Ms. Wesaw works in multiple mediums and formats,
 including illustration, textiles, photography, and traditional native arts.
 She has also illustrated a series of children’s books about the Potawatomi,
& is motivated to share her talent with youngsters to promote mutual cultural understandings.

Artist Reception
 October 12th, 2014.
7 PM.
Free and open to the public.
Refreshments will be served.

For more information, contact Dr. John Low, JD, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, 

Department of Comparative Studies at .

For more information about Ms. Wesaw, 

We hope to see you there!