Wednesday, August 20, 2014

Indigenous Law Portal

The Law Library of Congress Indigenous Law Portal Map. Image Courtesy of In Custodia Legis: Law Librarians of Congress.
The Law Library of Congress Indigenous Law Portal Map.
Image Courtesy of In Custodia Legis: Law Librarians of Congress.
July, 31, 2014.
Tina Gheen, of In Custodia Legis: Law Librarians of Congress Blog, has written an interesting post about the goals and functions of the new Indigenous Law Portal which contains collection materials from the Law Library of Congress, links to tribal websites and primary source materials available on the web arranged by region within the United States. Work is expected to begin soon on collating Canada's indigenous materials.

"Indigenous law materials can be difficult to locate for a variety of reasons. Tribal laws are usually maintained by individual tribes or groups of tribal peoples who may or may not have the resources to make them available in electronic format, or they may only be passed on through oral tradition. In some cases tribal legal materials are available electronically, but they may not be available freely on the Web, or the tribe may want to restrict outside access to the materials. However, through our research, we have found many tribes compile their laws and ordinances into a code, and they often provide a digital version of their most recent code and constitution online. In the Law Library, we already have digitized copies of historic 
American Indian constitutions from our collection and other legal materials available on our website. 
It makes sense to bring all these materials together in one place."

To read the full post, click here.

The Law Library of Congress Indigenous Law Portal Map. Image Courtesy of In Custodia Legis: Law Librarians of Congress.

Tuesday, August 19, 2014

Indain Affairs: Laws & Treaties, compiled & edited by Charles J. Kappler

Oklahoma State University Library

Oklahoma State University Library has digitally uploaded Charles J. Kappler's Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties book which "is an historically significant, seven volume compilation of U.S. treaties, laws and executive orders pertaining to Native American Indian tribes. The volumes cover U.S. Government treaties with Native Americans from 1778-1883 (Volume II) and U.S. laws and executive orders concerning Native Americans from 1871-1970 (Volumes I, III-VII). The work was first published in 1903-04 by the U.S. Government Printing Office. Enhanced by the editors' use of margin notations and a comprehensive index, the information contained in Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties is in high demand".

  • Volume I: Laws, Compiled to Dec. 1, 1902.
    • Permanent General Laws Relating To Indian Affairs
    • Permanent Acts Relative to Particular Tribes
    • Executive Orders Relative to Indian Reserves
    • Proclamations
    • Appendices
      • Revised Spelling of Indian Names
      • Miscellaneous Orders and Documents Pertaining to Executive Orders Establishing Reserves
      • Decisions of the Supreme Court
  • Volume II: Treaties, 1778-1883.
    • Treaties By Tribe Name
    • Treaties by Year
  • Volume III: Laws, Compiled to Dec. 1, 1913.
    • Laws Relating to Indian Affairs
    • Proclamations
    • Executive Orders
    • Agreements
    • Statement of Funds Held in Trust
    • Title "Indians" from CYC (Reprinted with new cases)
  • Volume IV: Laws, Compiled to Mar. 4, 1927.
    • Laws Relating to Indian Affairs
    • Proclamations
    • Executive Orders
    • Treaties
    • Indian Treaties construed by the Supreme Court of the United States
    • Jurisdiction; Indian rights
    • Indian tribal funds
    • Appendix
  • Volume V: Laws, Compiled to Dec. 22, 1927- June 29, 1938.
    • Laws Relating to Indian Affairs
      • Addenda to Laws in Volumes IV and V
    • Proclamations of the President of the United States
    • Executive Orders Relating to Indian Reservations
    • Unratified treaties with Indian tribes
    • Important court decisions on Indian tribal rights and property
    • Docket of Indian claims cases pending in the Court of Claims, Dec. 1938
    • List of Indian claims cases decided by the Court if Claims and reported in Court of Claims Reports, Vol. 1-90
    • Indian tribal funds
  • Volume VI: Laws, Compiled from Feb. 10, 1939 - Jan. 13, 1971.
    • Laws Relating to Indian Affairs
  • Volume VII: Laws, Compiled from Feb. 10, 1939- Jan. 13, 1971.
    • Proclamations
    • Selected Provisions of United States Code, 1970 edition
    • Education
    • Highways
    • Mineral Lands and Mining
    • Navigation and Navigable Waters
    • Public Buildings, Property, and Works
    • The Public Health and Welfare
    • Public Lands
    • Executive and Departmental orders (1936-1971)
    • Federal Register-Delegations of Authority by the Secretary of the Interior
    • Tables of Statutes affected

-not compiled by Charles J. Kappler,
 but are still important federally recognized treaties available online 
  • The Great Treaty of 1722 Between the Five Nations, the Mahicans, and the Colonies of New York, Virginia, and Pennsylvania
  • Deed in Trust from Three of the Five Nations of Indians to the King, 1726.
  • A Treaty Held at the Town of Lancaster, By the Honorable the Lieutenant Governor of the Province, and the Honorable the Commissioners for the Province of Virginia and Maryland, with the Indians of the Six Nations in June, 1744.
  • Treaty of Logstown, 1752.
  • The Albany Congress, and Treaty of 1754.
  • At a Conference Held by the Honourable Brigadier General Moncton with the Western Nations of Indians, at the Camp before Pittsburgh, 12th Day of August 1760.
  • Treaty of Fort Stanwix, or the Grant from the Six Nations to the King and Agreement of Boundary Line- Six Nations, Shawnee, Delaware, Mingoes of Ohio, 1768.
  • Convention Between the State of New York and the Oneida Indians, June 1, 1768.
  • A Treaty Between the United States of America and the sachems, chiefs, and warriors, of the Wyandot, Ottawa, Chippewa, Munsee, and Delaware, Shawnee, and Pattawatamy nations, holden at fort Industry, on the Miami of the lake, on the 4th of July, A.D. one thousand eight hundred and five.

Monday, August 18, 2014

Adobe Typekit Introduces Cherokee Font

The subscription font service Adobe Typekit has released its first Native American font, Phoreus Cherokee.  Font designer Mark Jamra was inspired by a speech given by representatives from the Language Technology Office of the Cherokee Nation about the need to integrate native languages with modern technology.  Jamra studied manuscripts provided by the Cherokee Nation and the Smithsonian Institution to develop the font.

“A key component of any language preservation effort is the degree to which one can successfully teach it to children, and influence young people to continue everyday use. Adoption by succeeding generations is critical. To help with this, Mark focused particular attention on making the glyphs distinct and uncomplicated. This resulted in type which is not only easier to read and learn, but also in a typeface with traditional Latin forms that are beautiful in their own right, and can stand on their own. We can’t stress enough that one does not need to speak or write Cherokee to get value out of these fonts.”

Read the full article onThe Typekit Blog. 

Friday, August 15, 2014

Recent Excavation May Reveal Cahokia Mounds Inhabitants' Beliefs

University of Bologna (Italy) student Carlotta Manicardi and volunteers Alan Westfall, from St. Louis, and Sam Ruesing, from Pontoon Beach, work on an excavation site at Cahokia Mounds in 2012. Image Courtesy of
University of Bologna (Italy) student Carlotta Manicardi
and volunteers Alan Westfall, from St. Louis, and Sam Ruesing, from Pontoon Beach,
 work on an excavation site at Cahokia Mounds in 2012.
Image Courtesy of
July 26, 2014.
Will Boss, of, has written an interesting and short article about recent discoveries from archaeological excavations at Cahokia, the largest pre-Columbian settlement site north of Mexico.

"The Mississippians lived in the region between 900 A.D. and 1275 A.D. Between 10,000 and 20,000 people lived in the land known as Cahokia Mounds, Belknap said. The Mississippians were not a tribe, but a culture that spread as far north as Wisconsin and has far south as Florida and Oklahoma. But the Cahokia Mounds site, where 120 mounds have been located, was the epicenter."

Image Courtesy of the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site.

For more information about Cahokia

Thursday, August 14, 2014

New Radiocarbon Dates Suggest Serpent Mound is More Than 2,000 Years Old

Survey Map (Romain 1987) of Serpent Mound superimposed over LiDAR image. Image Courtesy of William F. Romain, The Ancient Earthworks Project Blog.
Survey Map (Romain 1987) of Serpent Mound superimposed over LiDAR image.
Image Courtesy of William F. Romain, The Ancient Earthworks Project Blog.
July 26, 2014.
Dr. William F. Romain, of The Ancient Earthworks Project Blog, has written an interesting and informative post about new radiocarbon dates for the Serpent Mound suggesting that it is more than 2,000 years old.

"In any event, none of the median ages reported from any of our contexts within Serpent Mound are younger than 303 BC. In particular, no Fort Ancient charcoal was found in the sampled mound fill, or at the base of Serpent Mound. If the effigy was built by anyone later than Adena-era people, then one might expect to find some evidence of that in the way of organic materials or charcoal at the base. Such was not the case, however. If someone other than Early Woodland (i.e., Adena) people built the Serpent Mound, they were very fastidious in their work and left no trace at the foundation level. "

To read the full post, click here.

  • Edward W. Hermann, G. William Monaghan, William F. Romain, Timothy M. Schilling, Jarrod Burks, Karen L. Leone, Matthew P. Purtill, Alan C. Tonetti
  • Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 50, October 2014, Pages 117-125.

Video Courtesy of The Ancient Ohio Trail.

For more information about 
Radiocarbon Dating, LiDAR,  
& the Serpent Mound, 

Wednesday, August 13, 2014

Ohio State Fair Butter Sculptures Honor State's History

Butter sculpture at the 2014 Ohio State Fair  of our State Artifact, the Adena Effigy Pipe.  Image Courtesy of the Ohio History Connection Archaeology Blog.
Butter sculpture at the 2014 Ohio State Fair
of our State Artifact, the Adena Effigy Pipe.
Image Courtesy of the Ohio History Connection Archaeology Blog.
July 23, 2014.
Kathy Lynn Gray, of The Columbus Dispatch, wrote and filmed an interesting article about this year's butter sculptures at the Ohio State Fair. The Adena Effigy Pipe, our state artifact, and Flint, our state gemstone(link), are both represented as Ohio symbols in the butter sculpture display at the Ohio State Fair.

"So many sculptures were in the works this year that the artists ran out of the 55-pound blocks of butter they normally use and had to order in 1-pound blocks.
About a half-million people typically visit the sculptures at the fair, which runs through Aug. 3."
-Kathy Lynn Gray, The Columbus Dispatch.

To read the full article, click here.

For more information, visit:

Tuesday, August 12, 2014

History & Reconstruction of Native American Flutes in the Dayton C. Miller Collection

Barry D. Higgins (White Crow) gave a lecture on the historic traditions, creation, and  of Native American instruments, particularly flutes for the Library of Congress webinar series. The Library of Congress has a collection of over 190 webinar casts available on Youtube on a variety of topics including:
For more information about Native American music traditions
 or the Dayton C. Miller Collection, visit:

Monday, August 11, 2014

College Students Research Prophetstown & Canoe Through History

Mark Ressl and Karl Sculz.  Image Courtesy of Darke County News Online.
Mark Ressl and Karl Sculz.
Image Courtesy of Darke County News Online
June 2013.
Bob Robinson, of Darke County News Online, has written an interesting article about Mark Ressl and Karl Schulz's research into the historical origin of the correct location for Prophetstown.

" “I first had an interest in The Prophet when I visited Prophetstown in Indiana,” Ressl said. “I saw what I felt were possible inconsistencies… things that didn’t seem right (in the depiction of the early settlement).” He noted some of the ways in which the structures were built, that the area seemed more for political rallies and camping.
He didn’t realize it at the time but the Indiana location wasn’t the first Prophetstown. The first was in Greenville."

To read the full article, click here.

June 19, 2013.
Jennifer Archibald, of the Carroll County Comet, also wrote an article about the two architect students from New York who were following "the trail that Shawnee leader Tecumseh and his brother, the Prophet, led from their village in Ohio to a new settlement in Indiana."

"They walked from Greenville, Ohio, the site of Tecumseh’s and the Prophet’s first Prophetstown village, to Deerfield, Ind. It was there, at the headwaters of the Mississinewa River, that the Shawnees began their river journey, and where Mark and Karl began theirs.

The students’ journey from Ohio to Battle Ground, Ind., went through eight counties. After Darke County in Ohio, the route went through Randolph, Delaware, Grant, Miami, Cass, Carroll, and Tippecanoe counties in Indiana."

February 2014.
The 2014 Menschel Exhibition, hosted by 
presented the award winners for the 2013 Benjamin Menschel Fellowship Program 
in which "students compete for this prestigious award by submitting proposals to a panel of judges. 
The students then work over the summer on their independent research, often in far flung places."

A summary of Tecumseh and the Prophet's Trail: Reconnecting Routes 
by Karl Schulz & Mark Ressl can be found 

For more information about Tecumseh and the Prophet, 

Friday, August 8, 2014

Bridging Cultures Webinar: The History of Stomp Dance

The History of Stomp Dance Webinar from Native Americans in the Midwest.
July 8, 2014.
Chief Glenna J. Wallace and Brett Barnes of the Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma presented a webinar on "the tradition of Stomp and Social Dances in Eastern Woodlands Tribes and the role they play in communities today."

This webinar is part of a series for 
a three year project which is attempting to record and preserve some of the history 
for Ohio's historic Native American tribes.

This project "will strengthen the content of Native Studies’ community college curricula and tell a more complete story of forced removal and its impact on Native American tribes. Through a partnership between NEO A&M in Miami, Oklahoma, and OHS in Columbus, Ohio, BCCC-NAM will provide professional development for community college faculty by compiling historical resources for Midwestern Native American history, exposing community college faculty to scholars and Native American experts, and bringing them to locations that are critical to the Midwestern Removal story."

Clip of the Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma's Stomp Dance 
at the Newark Earthworks in August 2012.
Video is Courtesy of The Newark Earthworks Center.

Thursday, August 7, 2014

Telling our Story: The Living History of the Myaamia

The Myaamia Center has developed a curriculum for grades 3-12 that tells the history of the Myaamia (Miami) tribe from pre-contact through today.

"Telling our Story: The Living History of the Myaamia provides teachers and home schooling families with a curriculum for teaching Myaamia (Miami Tribe) history to grades 3-12. The curriculum includes primary sources, images, videos, and lesson plans, which are all linked to the relevant content standards for Ohio, Indiana, and Oklahoma."

 "As a whole, the six sections of this curriculum address Myaamia history beginning with the pre-contact period (pre-1600s) and concluding with contemporary issues." 

Power Point slide presentations, downloadable lesson plans, an online language dictionary,
and pictures of artifacts are just a few of the many wonderful resources available to educators 
through this online curriculum.

 Examples of the primary source documents available on the site 
include the Indians in Ohio History map, above, 
and the Treaty of Montreal, pictured below.  

Treaty of Montreal. Courtesy of the Library and Archives Canada.