Tuesday, March 3, 2015

Promoting Diversity at Your Library

February, 1, 2015.
Sarah Hunter, at Booklist Online, has written a brief resource list  to promote diversity in library collections.

"Granting awards, funding aspiring authors or publishers, and acquiring diverse books are all crucial parts of the effort to expand multicultural offerings in children’s literature, to be sure, but there are other efforts librarians can make at a local level. Simply altering the way of thinking about the audience for a book can lead to significant changes."

To read the full articleclick here.

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Researchers Help Guard Sunken Tribe Artifacts From Turbines

Dec. 15, 2014. University of Rhode Island professor John King and his team  extract core samples from underwater sediment deposits in Apponaug Cove  on the waters of Greenwich Bay in Warwick, RI.  Image Courtesy of Phys.org.
Dec. 15, 2014. University of Rhode Island professor John King and his team
extract core samples from underwater sediment deposits in Apponaug Cove
on the waters of Greenwich Bay in Warwick, RI.
 Image Courtesy of Phys.org.
February, 9, 2015.
Jennifer Mcdermott, of Phys.org, has written an informative article about the relationship between the Narragansett Indian TribeDeepwater Wind, and the University of Rhode Island in their efforts to preserve tribal history below water.

"Providence-based Deepwater Wind is planning what could be the nation's first offshore wind farm, located off the coast of Block Island. But federal regulators and Native Americans worry that wind turbines could inadvertently be parked on top of the sunken lands where Native Americans lived thousands of years ago.

Narragansett Indian Tribe oral history holds that they lived on land that is now off Rhode Island's shore more than 15,000 years ago until their villages were inundated by water and they had to evacuate. Sea level was about 400 feet lower globally during the last Ice Age and what is now covered by water was once dry land.

With the help of the tribe, researchers are trying to figure out the best way of searching the ocean floor to identify ancient archaeological sites so they aren't disturbed."

To read the full articleclick here.

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Touching Prehistory: Understanding the Past through Archaeology in Dublin, Ohio

2014-2015 NEWS FROM OHIO STATE'S DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY
2014-2015.
Jules Angel, lecturer and co-leader of Ohio State's Forensic Anthropology Case Team (FACT),
has written a brief informative article about the recent excavations
of the Holder-Wright Earthworks in Dublin, Ohio. 

"The Department of Anthropology, in partnership with the City of Dublin Ohio, conducts field work at the HolderWright archaeological site to train students in archaeological techniques, as well as recover deposits from an area set to be partly impacted by road building. This multi-year partnership also includes targeted excavations in a part of the site set to be preserved as an interpretive, archaeological park. This area contains earthworks dating back to the Hopewell people, and other deposits from prior time periods. The Hopewell culture included many Indian tribes present in Ohio between 500 B.C. and A.D. 500. "


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Monday, March 2, 2015

Internship Opportunity at Hopewell Culture National Historical Park

You must apply during the open period March 2- 6 Only!

Apply through www.usajobs.gov.

Hopewell Culture National Historical Park is hiring a Student Trainee (Archaeological Aid/Technician) through the Pathways Internship Program with anticipated employment for 6 to 8 weeks between May and July 2015. The Pathways Internship is open to current students.

Selected applicants will assist the Park Archaeologist, Park Curator and outside researchers to complete a variety of archaeological field and laboratory projects at park units throughout Ross County, Ohio.

Qualifications:
  • You must be a current student enrolled or accepted for enrollment in a degree or certificate program on at least a half-time basis with a minimum overall 2.0 GPA
  • Completion of an archaeological field school is highly desireable at the GS-04 level; required at the GS-05 level.

Salary $14.04- 15.71/hr. The anticipated work schedule is full-time, 40 hours/week for 6 to 8 weeks beginning in May. Positions may be terminated sooner depending on funding and workload. No government housing is available. Field work will be outdoors with exposure to heat, insects, allergens, and more.

Experience your America and build a fulfilling career by joining the National Park Service.
Become a part of our mission to unite our past, our cultures, and our special places; to establish important connections to the present and build a rich and lasting legacy for future generations.
Park field and laboratory projects are designed to help preserve, protect, and interpret the rich heritage of the Native American Hopewell Culture; connecting cultures- past, present, and future.

Questions? Please contact:
Bret J. Ruby, PhD, RPA
Archaeologist/Chief, Resource Management
Email: bret_J_ruby@nps.gov
Phone: 740-774-1126

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Tribal Support is Necessary in Upholding the Importance of the Ohio Earthworks

Timm Whissen
Marti Chaatsmith, Associate Director of the Newark Earthworks Center, lecturing on Tribal Participation and the Preservation of Ohio Earthworks. Image Courtesy of Timothy E. Black, DMIN Photography.
Marti Chaatsmith lecturing on Tribal Participation and the Preservation of Ohio Earthworks. Image Courtesy of Timothy E. Black, DMIN Photography.
Marti L. Chaatsmith, Associate Director of the Newark Earthworks Center, gave the second of three NEC sponsored lectures titled, “Tribal Participation in the Preservation of Ohio Earthworks” on Wednesday, February 11th at the Ohio State University at Newark.

She opened her lecture up by stating that all these lands in Ohio had been loved and revered by Ancient Indians. Every step we take throughout our day is placed on lands that had been understood by people long before the settlement of the area by whites during the 18th century.

In fact, early American settlement in the Ohio region had functioned by pushing Indians off the lands and plowing flat ancient mounds in order to claim private property. Anything considered Indian was targeted, including; towns, fields, graves, and earthworks.

By the mid-1800s, the last remaining Ohio Indian tribes were forced to cede lands in the name of American advancement. The lasting result of expansion into Ohio, she stated, “There are no federally recognized Indian tribes in Ohio today.”

Without the help of federally recognized tribal support, private property owners are given free reign over any ancient Indian structures or artifacts that were created long before lands had been seized.

In Newark, all but the Great Circle and the Octagon earthworks had been destroyed in this way.

The understanding and reverence for the earthworks that Indians exhibited for two-thousand years had also been lost when forced removal occurred; within a century white settlers had destroyed a large majority of the ancient structures across Ohio.

Within the past few years the Newark Earthworks Center has reached out to tribal communities, like the Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma and the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi in Michigan, and has gained support in achieving World Heritage Status for the Ohio Earthworks; which would help protect the structures from any future damage.

With the support of Indian tribes across the country comes a renewed appreciation and respect for the Ohio Earthworks and in the efforts made to preserve them in their natural state.

The Ohio Earthworks stood as a representation of a highly complex society who had gained the respect of many generations of people after them, which is why the mounds had lasted for thousands of years. Continued support from American Indian tribes will help raise an understanding and awareness for preserving the Earthworks while also serving as a way for individuals to connect with the past.
For more information,
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Publications Include:
*Links provided require a sign in to EBSCO Host database. 
Ohio State University students can use their student log-in to access the database
 through the university's library pagehere.

Thursday, February 26, 2015

Survival and Change: The Significance of Contemporary American Indian Art

Timm Whissen
Dr. Christine Ballengee-Morris lecturing on Contemporary American Indian Arts: Including Earthworks. Image Courtesy of Timothy E. Black, DMIN Photography.
Dr. Christine Ballengee-Morris lecturing on Contemporary American Indian Arts: Including Earthworks. Image Courtesy of Timothy E. Black, DMIN Photography.
Dr. Christine Ballengee-Morris, Professor of Arts Administration, Education and Policy, and Coordinator of the American Indian Studies Program at the Ohio State University gave the first of three Newark Earthworks Center sponsored guest lectures titled, “Contemporary American Indian Arts: Including Earthworks.”

She proceeded to establish how contemporary American Indian art is a complex creation with specific symbols and meanings, the importance of American Indian Aesthetics, and how commonalities are still seen in the forms of identity, spirituality and power. 

While looking back on the history of American Indian art, Dr. Ballengee-Morris stated that, “Indigenous arts, historically, have either been relegated to anthropology or marginalized by European-derived systems of aesthetics.” 

By the 1880’s, American Indians were having rights and lands stripped from them, their identities reformed, and their image to the rest of the world simplified as being mere savages. Events like Wild Bill’s Wild West shows and artists like George Catlin or Charles M. Russell furthered these ideas for many years. Legislations of the time allowed for the blossoming of American Indian schools that sought to integrate Indian children into White society through reforms that wiped clean their Indian history and culture. 

Contemporary American Indian artists focus upon aspects of Identity, Spirituality, and Politics are important as they help create connections to the past, present, and future. Through these connections, artists like Brian Jungen or Louis Gong are able to ensure that American Indian traditions survive and change. By adapting to new circumstances, materials, and concepts; artists are able to look into the past and bring it forward for future inspiration. 

Dr. Ballengee-Morris discussed the roles of many contemporary American Indian artists today including: Teri Greeves, James Luna, Erica Lord, Will Wilson, Virgil Ortiz, Daniel Bigay, Terri Asbury and America Meredith. These artists have created a wide variety of art forms; each one unique and with its own meaning. Commonalities may exist within the narrative of these pieces, but each artist offers distinct messages to make people think of the past and to realize that the 19th century ideas of a vanishing peoples is far from the truth. 

Like the earthworks themselves, Contemporary American Indian art strives to convey messages of identity and cultural awareness, politics and spirituality to future generations. By reconnecting to the past and creating a better representation in the present, these artists are able to rewrite history in a way that better defines their culture and its significance in the shaping of these lands. 

For more information,
Visit:
Publications Include:
*Links provided require a sign in to EBSCO Host database. 
Ohio State University students can use their student log-in to access the database

Wednesday, February 25, 2015

Unearthing the Past: Mound Excavation Concludes

Image Courtesy of Stephanie Stanley and The Pike County News Watchman.
"Jarrod Burks, president of Heartland Earthworks Conservancy
and leader of the excavation at the future Guernsey Crossing development site
in Chillicothe, surveys an area where a 2,000 year-old mound was found.
The site will be mapped for future reference."
Image Courtesy of Stephanie Stanley and The Pike County News Watchman
.
February, 6, 2015.
Stephanie Stanley, of The Pike County News Watchman, has written an informative article about the recent archaeological excavation of a Ross County mound which would otherwise have been destroyed by development.

"When investigating an earthworks site, Burks says he and fellow archaeologists don’t leave evidence of their work behind and strive to leave a minimal impact on the land while gathering the maximum amount of data.
“In Ohio, the property owner has the final say as to what they want to do with a mound or earthwork located on their private property. At the same time, there can be perks to owning a mound or earthwork and the state does have programs in place that allow property owners to receive a potential tax benefit if they allow a conservation easement on their property,” said Burks. “We try to encourage land owners to get in touch with an organization such as ours to explore their options. There are many ways to be good stewards of mounds and earthworks.”
In the future, the Heartland Earthworks Conservancy hopes to start a group for local owners of earthwork sites in an effort to promote conservation and preservation."

To read the full articleclick here.

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Tuesday, February 24, 2015

Map Play 4 Kids

Osher Map Library MaPlay 4 kids

"OML staff and students prepare and offer a variety of educational materials for the K-12 groups, including MapPlay, a website geared for students grades 3 through 8. "

Slideshows

  • Introduction to Maps for Young Students

History Trivia

  • Empires and Colonialism
  • United States and North America

Geomatching

  • Continents of the World
  • Countries of North & South America
  • United States #1-5

Scrambler

  • Try to reconstruct a map in the least number of moves

Educators

  • Lesson Themes
  • Contact Information

Links

  • Digital Map Creator
  • Winning Maps of the Junior Cartographers Mapmaking Contest
  • Geography Games
  • Historic Maps
  • Modern Maps
  • Historical Events Mapped

Wednesday, February 18, 2015

Tama Indians Visit The Newark Earthworks in 1931

Image Courtesy of the Ohio History Connection Archaeology Blog, the Newark Advocate.
Image Courtesy of the Ohio History Connection Archaeology Blog
and the Newark Advocate.
January 26, 2015.
Brad Lepper, of the Ohio History Connection Archaeology Blog, has written a short post about a 1931 visit to the Newark Earthworks by "A group of “Tama Indians” (mostly Fox and Sac from Iowa)... They were there as part of the King Brothers Wild West Rodeo".

"First of all, it’s refreshing to find someone during this period taking an interest in what American Indians might have had to say about the earthen monuments constructed by their ancestors.

Second, in spite of his unfamiliarity with these earthworks, Chief Buffalo had a pretty good understanding of their antiquity, the effort involved in building them, and the sorts of tools used in their construction..."

To read the full postclick here.

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Tuesday, February 17, 2015

Archaeologyland! Society for American Archaeology

Society for American Archaeology


"This set of hands-on, archaeology and cultural history-based activities is designed for archaeologists to use with the public at archaeology fairs and other non-formal classroom events. Each activity is laid out in 'recipe fashion' with directions about the minimum recommended age, a list of objectives about what the activity is trying to teach, and preparation and procedure steps -- including what materials need to be purchased or otherwise arranged for. Each activity has been successfully tested with children and each promotes a preservation message: How to report a find, how to protect a resource, and how to contact the State Historic Preservation Office. "

All activities are in PDF format.
  • Organizing an event
  • Visitor Orientation Information
  • Activities
    • Pottery Design Replication
      • Ages 5+
      • Use clay and incising tools to replicate ceramic designs.
      • "Provides an introduction to artifact replication as a way of learning about past technology; introduces the terms "artifact" and "sherd"; introducaes the idea that archaeologists study small pieces of objects used in the past, not just whole, unbroken artifacts."
    • Pottery Design Transfer
      • Ages 7 +
      • Use an ink transfer process to record pottery designs.
      • "Provides an introduction to vocabulary- "arifact", "sherd", "context"; introduces ideas regarding what an artifact can "tell" archaeologists; introduces a technique that archaeologists use to record pottery decorations"
    • The Archaeology Laboratory
      • Ages 5+
      • Measure, weigh, and draw artifacts or replicas of artifacts.
      • "Provides an introduction to methods of measuring and weighing artifacts used in an artifact processing laboratory."
    • The Cordage Site
      • Ages 5+
      • Make a cordage bracelet using raffia and a bead.
      • "Provides an introduction to the making of cordage, and the preservation of perishable materials."
    • The Pictograph Wall
      • All
      • Contribute to the production of a rock art panel by leaving a hand print.
      • "Provides an introduction to how pictographs are produced and their significance as a means of communicating.. Also provides information on the preservation of rock art sites."
    • The Pottery Village Site
      • Ages 5+
      • Color pot designs then cut them into "sherds" to make a pot puzzle.
      • "Provides an introduction to cultures, pottery types, and pot sherds."