|View of the Burrell Orchard site, a prehistoric Native American settlement |
near the Black River in Sheffield Village, OH.
Image Courtesy of Marvin Fong, The Plain Dealer.
Tom Feran, of The Plain Dealer, has written an exciting article about the recent discovery of a 4,000 year old house (within the Archaic). Dr. Brian Redmond believes that the 'inhabitants were not indigenous people of Northeast Ohio, but are most similar to tribes found in Northeast Kentucky and southern Illinois'.
"The uncovered floor, which is about 3 inches thick, is built of layers of yellow clay that was carried from nearby areas. An unmistakable basin is built into it, as are cooking pits and storage holes that held hickory nuts, which were an important source of nutrition.
Dark spots in the clay around the edges of the floor are the remains of organic material. They are "post molds" from the post holes that would have anchored hickory saplings. The saplings would have been tied together, wigwam-style, in a framework for the prehistoric house. Layers of cattail mats would have covered the framing."
For more information,
- Sheffield Archaeological Dig Video
- The Plain Dealer
- Cleveland Museum of Natural History
- Archaeology in Action
- Paleo Crossing: Clues to Ohio's Earliest Residents
- May 11, 2015.
- Burrell Orchard Archaeological Project
- Archaeological Institute of America
- Archaeological Investigations at the Burrell Orchard Site (33Ln15): 2008 Season
- Cleveland Museum of Natural History, May 2009.
- Ancient Ohio Trial
- Earthworks Timeline
- Archaic, 8000 B.C. - 800 B.C.
- Early Historic Descriptions of Wigwams
- Basic Wigwam Construction
- Photographic Tour of Contemporary Wigwams
- Native American Houses
- Wigwam Houses
- Rectangular shape
- wigwam frame