|The 1862 map of the earthworks by Newark residents James H. and Charles B. Salisbury. |
Image Courtesy of the American Antiquarian Society.
Malin Grunberg Banyasz, of Archaeology Magazine, has written an interesting summary of the history of the Newark Earthworks, an overview of Hopewell culture, and a brief summary of the 2009 Walk with the Ancients including five sets of photos from the walk.
"The Newark Earthworks were constructed between 100 B.C. and A.D. 500 by a people we know today as the Hopewell Culture. Part temple, part astronomical observatory, and part cemetery, this is the largest set of geometric earthworks built anywhere in the world. They include Great Circle Earthworks, Octagon Earthworks (joined by parallel walls to another circle), and Wright Earthworks, a large, nearly perfect square enclosure."